Tackling road safety around schools
“I had so many unanswered questions in my mind as to whether there was something I could have done to prevent it,” she said.
“Being in the civil engineering industry as well, I wanted to know if there was something we as civil engineers were not doing.”
Instead of letting the questions overwhelm her, Mhlanga decided to channel her pain and grief into her studies, turning her attention to road safety near schools.
“I wanted to investigate the road incidents around schools in eThekwini and whether or not the city can do something to improve road safety, especially within a kilometre or two of the school,” she said.
She approached associate professor Marianne Vanderschuren of UCT’s department of civil engineering and asked her to supervise her studies. Understandably, said Mhlanga, Vanderschuren had a few initial concerns about the sensitive nature of the research topic and took some convincing.
“I insisted – and then she guided me through everything.”
What ensued was a series – in Mhlanga’s words – of “mind-blowing” findings.
Firstly, there was the fact that road traffic incidents are the second leading cause of death for children younger than 19 worldwide.
Secondly, even after being taught the basics of road safety in classrooms or at home, young children still lack the cognitive skills to connect their theoretical knowledge to real-life situations.
Most accidents are caused by human behaviour, which includes “dart-and-dash” incidents such as the one that left Mhlanga’s family bereft.
“When I look back, as much as it pains me, I can actually see that behaviour in my daughter. She didn’t take time to look properly before crossing the road,” said Mhlanga.
Using information gathered from the eThekwini Transport Authority’s (ETA) database, Mhlanga identified the 10 Durban primary schools with the highest rate of incidents, with her aim being to investigate the causes.
She then met the schools’ principals to gain their perspectives and also surveyed the areas surrounding the schools to see what measures had been put in place to ensure road safety.
She found that there were speed bumps at most of these schools, but only on the roads that had a school gate. Other roads around the schools lacked road safety measures in most cases, while signage and road markings to demarcate pedestrian crossings were inconsistently applied.
Mhlanga also found that often schools with the highest incident rates were located within one kilometre of one another. This suggests that the chances of traffic accidents occurring increases in areas where there is a cluster of schools.
What makes Mhlanga’s study especially valuable is that it holds a great deal of potential to bring about practical changes.
“Since I work for the transport authority and my research was based on the information that the eThekwini Municipality collects, I presented my findings at the ETA annual conference, driven by the deputy head responsible for road safety, and made various proposals,” she said.
Her first proposal is to include practical road safety education in schools. This will involve taking the children out of their classrooms and onto the roads, under adult supervision, to better understand the realities of the dangers they face when navigating traffic.
Her second recommendation is the adoption of a “school-zone” concept. “In Australia and other countries, it’s a well-known concept where they demarcate an area of about two kilometres around primary schools and then they do full-on traffic calming in terms of speed bumps, reducing the speed limit and increasing enforcement around the schools,” she said.
While one can never fully recover from the loss of a child, Mhlanga said doing this research and finding practical solutions has helped her find peace. “I made sure that it would be something that would give me answers and also help me heal,” she said.
Mhlanga graduated on Thursday December 13, at the same ceremony where UCT chancellor Graça Machel officially robed vice-chancellor professor Mamokgethi Phakeng.