Germany supports Ghana to phase out outmoded air-conditioners

 By Lydia
Kukua Asamoah/Judith Amoateng, GNA

Accra, Sept. 27, GNA – The German Government
is partnering Ghana, under its “Green Cooling Initiative” to reduce or
phase-out all environmentally unfriendly air-conditioners that contribute
significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions in the country.

The move would give way to the introduction of
air-conditioners using natural hydrocarbon refrigerants, instead of those using
Hydrochlorofluorocarbon, (HCFCs) and Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which are known
to contribute to global climate change emissions.

Experts say existing HFC air-conditioners
found in Ghana and other developing countries were using outdated technologies
with low energy efficiency.

Along with other refrigeration and
air-conditioning equipment, such gadgets also use fluorinated refrigerants that
have high global warming potentials.

The partnership would, therefore, ensure the
rolling out and upscaling of ozone friendly refrigeration and air-conditioning
equipment under the Green Cooling Initiative (GCI), which is aimed at
implementing mitigation measures that accelerate the transition to green
cooling technologies in Ghana. 

The GCI, being implemented by the Deutsche
Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenabeit (GIZ) and the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) on behalf of Germany and Ghana, respectively, had been
adopted by Ghana as part of activities to ensure resilience to climate change.

This is being done under Ghana’s Intended
Nationally Determined Contribution of the UN Framework Convention for Climate
Change (UNFCCC).

In pursuant to the partnership, GIZ on
Thursday presented 380 split air conditioners (ACs) and spare parts that
operate on hydrocarbon refrigerant R290 to the EPA, who, in turn, handed them
over to two firms; Electroland Ghana Limited and Flexi-Space Limited, dealers
in air-conditioning and electronic appliances, to be the first to deal in their
importation and services.

R290 ACs are said to be 25 per cent more
efficient than the ordinary ACs and can save more than GHC120 per month on
energy bill.

Ms Nicola Nana Yaa Hodasi, the Political and
Economic Affairs Officer of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany,
presented a dummy of the ACs to the EPA.

She said the GCI was being championed by the
Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety of
Germany, with its Ghanaian counterpart, the Ministry of Environment, Science,
Technology and Innovation, to support in the reduction of emissions from
air-conditioners in Ghana, expected to triple by 2030 if nothing was done about

She said the energy efficient split
air-conditioners run on natural refrigerants adding that the technology
transfer marked the largest demonstration of green air-conditioners under the
GCI, which was also being implemented in Africa.

“During their life span, the 380 split
air-conditioners will prevent greenhouse emission of more than 10,000 kilograms
from the outside, thus contributing towards Ghana’s national climate target,”
she said.

She said the involvement of the private sector
in the partnership would ensure members imported climate friendly ACs.

Ms Hodasi explained the GCI programme would
support Ghana until 2021, and that other planned interventions include policy
advice on how to establish incentives, training, and a regulatory framework to
accelerate the market transformation towards green technologies.

Mr Ebenezer Ampah-Sampong, the Deputy
Executive Director in charge of Technical, EPA, said Ghana welcomed the
introduction of hydrocarbon refrigerants to reduce and eventually eliminate her
dependence on HFCFCs and HFCs, which contributed to climate change.

He said the initiative would help Ghana to
meet her commitment under the UNFCCC, the Montreal Protocol and the Kigali
Amendment of the Refrigeration and Air-conditioners sector.

Mr Ampah-Sampong explained that hydrocarbon
offered very good benefits for both cost and environment, however, in view of
its flammable nature, it calls for extra care during servicing and maintenance.

He said the EPA was, thus, partnering other
stakeholders to train technicians and members of the Refrigeration’s and Air
Conditioning Engineers Association of Ghana among others while efforts were
being made to get technicians of the Refrigeration and Air-conditioners sector
certified to ensure good practice.


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